Academic Research Foundations: Quantitative

                     

Internal Quiz

Question 1 of 21
A correlational study will not only point out the trends in your data but can prove causality.
TRUE
FALSE

FALSE

Question 2 of 21
A rigorous and well-structured instrument will need to be what two things?
Significant and Ethical
Deductive and Confidential
Correlational and Probabilistic
Reliable and Valid

Reliable and Valid

Question 3 of 21
Why is it important for another researcher to be able to replicate your study?
It broadens the findings of your research if findings can be replicated in another setting.
It allows for the research field to test the validity of your findings
It can ensure the relevance of this new knowledge in different environments.
all of these answers

all of these answers

Question 4 of 21
The independent variable is the variable your research will manipulate to see potential relationships with dependent variables.
TRUE
FALSE

TRUE

Question 5 of 21
What makes a research objective different from a research question?
There can only be one research objective.
A research objective is more focused than a research question.
A research objective can only relate to a hypothesis.
The research objective is concerned with the goals of your research rather than the questions your data collection attempts to answer.

The research objective is concerned with the goals of your research rather than the questions your data collection attempts to answer.

Question 6 of 21
Why is the null hypothesis important in quantitative research?
There needs to be more than an educated guess about a phenomenon.
Statistics are a soft science and need a different hypothesis than a hard science.
A null hypothesis accounts for random chance as the reason for a perceived relationship between variables.
Quantitative research is about certainty rather than probability. The null hypothesis is not a certainty measure.

A null hypothesis accounts for random chance as the reason for a perceived relationship between variables.

Question 7 of 21
How does a literature review differ from an annotated bibliography?
A literature review is a straightforward recitation of what you read, like a book report.
There is no difference; a literature review is the research term for annotated bibliography.
A literature review must include all of the literature you have read on the topic.
A literature review provides a thorough dive into the field from a narrative perspective, not just notes.

A literature review provides a thorough dive into the field from a narrative perspective, not just notes.

Question 8 of 21
Can good social science research be subjective?
Yes, because social science research can cherry-pick its findings to match an ideology.
Yes, because subjectivity as a social science research term is about the human condition.
No, because objectivity must be more than a research framework.
No, because objectivity is at the forefront of the scientific method.

Yes, because social science research can cherry-pick its findings to match an ideology.

Question 9 of 21
Which of the following IS NOT a consideration when narrowing your research topic?
Relationship of Variables
Aspect
Validity
Methodology

Validity

Question 10 of 21
You should start writing your problem statement from the place you feel the most comfortable.
TRUE
FALSE

TRUE

Question 11 of 21
Which of the following IS NOT a section of a research proposal
Criticisms
Problem Statement
Methodology
Analysis

Criticisms

Question 12 of 21
What is population sampling?
The methodology used to achieve a representative sample of people to participate in your study.
Finding the people who take part in your study but should not have.
Choosing participants at random to ensure probability.
Engineering the participants in your study to align with the contours of the population.

The methodology used to achieve a representative sample of people to participate in your study.

Question 13 of 21
Which is the best description of an ancillary study?
Putting an intervention into an experiment to measure against a control group.
Supplementing an existing data set with one or more additional measurements.
Using an existing data set but comparing variables not examined in the original study.
Using statistics to identify variances and publication biases in existing literature and research results.

Supplementing an existing data set with one or more additional measurements.

Question 14 of 21
There are multiple ways to share and fill out a survey, and your research can combine methods to meet participants where they are.
TRUE
FALSE

FALSE

Question 15 of 21
How do ‘statistical significance’ and ‘practical significance’ differ?
Statistical means the findings are relevant; practical means the probability of results left to random chance is low.
Statistical means the probability of results left to random chance is low; practical means the findings are relevant to use in your field.
There is no difference.
Statistical means the probability of results left to random chance is low and the findings are relevant; practical means the cost is low.

Statistical means the probability of results left to random chance is low; practical means the findings are relevant to use in your field.

Question 16 of 21
Which of the following IS NOT true about formatting a table?
Show data patterns in columns rather than rows because most people read down rather than across.
More smaller tables are better than one very large table.
Simplify numbers to the fullest extent, even if that means using scientific notation.
Make sure to share your data from the highest number to the lowest.

Make sure to share your data from the highest number to the lowest.

Question 17 of 21
Common acronyms should be used throughout the paper.
TRUE
FALSE

FALSE

Question 18 of 21
Most research limitations fall into which two categories?
Methodology limitations and data limitations.
Methodology limitations and infrastructure limitations.
Methodology limitations and population sample limitations.
Methodology limitations and research team limitations.

Methodology limitations and research team limitations.

Question 19 of 21
The abstract and final summary are almost always the two most-read parts of a research paper.
TRUE
FALSE

TRUE

Question 20 of 21
Which of the following IS NOT a primary ethical standard of research?
Informed consent
Validity
Avoiding harm while doing good
Confidentiality

Validity

Question 21 of 21
Which of the following studies would NOT require Institutional Review Board approval?
All studies require IRB approval.
A study using a mix of human and non-human subjects.
A study entirely using previously collected data which was published in a publically available source.
A study using internal subjects.

A study entirely using previously collected data which was published in a publically available source.


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