Developing Soft Skills and Personality NPTEL Assignment Week 3

                     

Course Name: Developing Soft Skills and Personality

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These are the answers for Developing Soft Skills and Personality NPTEL Assignment Week 3


Q1) Which of the following statements are correct about habits?

A habit is a genetic quality.

Bad habits do not require great efforts to be formed or maintained.

One does not feel the need to hide one’s bad habits.

Bad habits cannot be easily perceived; they can remain hidden forever.

People with good habits cannot make friends.

Bad habits are reflected in one’s personality, attitude, health, etc.


These are the answers for Developing Soft Skills and Personality NPTEL Assignment Week 3


Q2) In the Father-Son story discussed in Lecture 13, one learnt that bad habits do not disappear by themselves. Which of the following quotes or statements can be read as the morals of the story?

A leopard doesn’t change his spots overnight.

Bad habits can enhance our growth.

Breaking bad habits is like training a dog, you got to be consistent.

Habit is a cable; we weave a thread of it each day, and at last we cannot break it.

Bad habits leave indelible marks.

Good habits cannot be developed after a certain age.


Q3) Which of the following can be considered good habits?

Sleeping late at night

Eating untimely and heavy meals

Using time discreetly

Enjoying things in moderation

Excessive, addictive forms of pleasure

Cleaning your surroundings regularly


These are the answers for Developing Soft Skills and Personality NPTEL Assignment Week 3


Q4) Consider the following statements : Suman gossips with her friends excessively. Rajni eats her dinner on time and goes to sleep on time. Dheeraj spends a lot of time on social media platforms. Manisha criticizes all her friends and makes fun of them. Koyal regularly eats junk food as midnight snacks. Gaurav goes out for a morning run every day. Which of these people have unhealthy habits?

Suman

Dheeraj

Gaurav

Rajni

Manisha

Koyal

Answer: Suman, Dheeraj, Manisha, Koyal


These are the answers for Developing Soft Skills and Personality NPTEL Assignment Week 3


Q5) What do we learn from the Doctor-Patient story discussed in Lecture 14?

Peer pressure and the environment play vital roles in the development of our habits.

Smoking is a good habit.

Every doctor influences his patients to smoke.

Habits of youth necessarily fade away as one grows old.

It depends on one’s belief and determination to change or maintain habits.

Bad habits have no effects on one’s health.


Q6) “First we make our bad habits, then our bad habits make us.” This statement CANNOT be attributed to :

Samuel Beckett

Charles Noble

A. P. J. Abdul Kalam

Aristotle

William Golding

R. K. Narayan


These are the answers for Developing Soft Skills and Personality NPTEL Assignment Week 3


Q7) How can one counter the effect of Dopamine?

By accepting that sadness is a part of life

By using drugs that counter its effects

By engaging in self-hypnosis

By telling yourself that Dopamine is harmful for your health

By seeking medical help

By accepting that it is okay to be unhappy


These are the answers for Developing Soft Skills and Personality NPTEL Assignment Week 3


Q8) Which of the following are examples of the Zeigarnik Effect?

Sushmita binge-watches and completes every TV series she starts.

Farha leaves most of her tasks incomplete.

Joshi gets very anxious when any of the tasks on his to-do lists is left incomplete.

Raman is unable to sleep during the night.

Priyanshi finds it difficult to focus on one thing at a time.

Samantha unduly procrastinates studying during her exam time.


Q9) Fill in the blanks in the following statement by William Shakespeare : “This above all : to thine ownself be ____(i)____ and it must follow, as the night the day, thou canst not then be ____(ii)____ to any man.”

(i) positive

(i) true

(i) loving

(ii) false

(ii) negative

(ii) hateful


These are the answers for Developing Soft Skills and Personality NPTEL Assignment Week 3


Q10) How can one break bad habits?

One should give in to the habit-chain loop.

One should realize that it cannot happen overnight.

One should try to replace the bad habit with a good one.

One should avoid procrastination and finish small tasks slowly.

One should always keep one’s brain occupied and loaded.

One should ignore one’s bad habits till they disappear on their own.


These are the answers for Developing Soft Skills and Personality NPTEL Assignment Week 3


Q11) Which of the following is NOT an element of the Habit Cycle?

Action/Reaction

Success/Failure

Stimulus/Thought

Reward/Punishment

Spontaneity/Planning

Character/Personality


These are the answers for Developing Soft Skills and Personality NPTEL Assignment Week 3


Q12) Consider the following and choose the correct option : Assumption : The Zeigarnik Effect can be used for productivity and personal growth. Reasoning : Th e Zeigarnik Effect makes one move from one finished task to another, boosting one’e confidence.

Both the Assumption and Reasoning are incorrect.

Assumption is correct, Reasoning is incorrect.

Assumption is incorrect, Reasoning is correct.

Assumption and Reasoning are unrelated.

Both the Assumption and Reasoning are correct.

Assumption and Reasoning are insufficient to derive a conclusion.


These are the answers for Developing Soft Skills and Personality NPTEL Assignment Week 3


Q13) Choose the correct statement about Dopamine-inducing drugs :

They cause low levels of activity.

Their withdrawal can cause ecstasy.

They motivate one to avoid unpleasant experiences.

They are not addictive.

They stimulate the production of adrenaline.

They are suitable for children of ages less than eighteen.


Q14) Bluma Zeigranik was a/an :

American psychologist

German biologist Russian chemist

American psychiatrist

Russian psychologist

German physicist


Q15) How can one deal with an abrupt emotional break-up using the Zeigarnik Effect?

Starting a TV series to distract oneself

Burning old photos or deleting messages to give the relationship a symbolic completion

Not finishing any incomplete tasks

Staying busy by making to-do lists

Developing addiction for over-eating and excessive sleeping

The Zeigarnik Effect is useless in such cases


These are the answers for Developing Soft Skills and Personality NPTEL Assignment Week 3


Q16) What do “earworms” refer?

Fungal infection in the ear

A song that keeps playing in one’s head

Physical pain in one’s ears

Dirt from one’s earphones

New medical technology used to treat ear infection

A new strain of Covid 19 virus that affects the ears first


Q17) In “Conscious Living : The Key to Positive and Lasting Changes,” Sherry Stile suggests that :

It is impossible to break bad habits.

The Habit cycle is a myth.

One cannot thrive in changing times.

It is difficult to make sense of the Zeigarnik Effect.

One can not only survive life’s unexpected changes and transitions but also thrive.

Conscious living requires one to do yoga.


Q18) Fill in the blank : “We are what we repeatedly do. ______, then, is not an act, but a habit.”

Life

Happiness

Excellence

Sadness

Sleep

Positivity


These are the answers for Developing Soft Skills and Personality NPTEL Assignment Week 3


Q19) According to the Mother-Son story discussed in Lecture 14; it is better to :

Support bad habits than abandoning your child.

Have bad habits than not have nay habit at all.

Nip the bad habit in the bud itself.

Let bad habits develop and expect them to go away by themselves.

Do what you are told than thinking for yourself.

Listen to your mother all your life.


Q20) Developing good habits is very important. Why?

Good habits make your brain heavy and occupied.

Good habits make you overconfident.

Good habits and bad habits go hand in hand.

Good habits make you irreplaceable and indispensable.

Good habits can isolate you from the rest of the world.

Good habits disrupt your daily routine for the better.


Q21) A habit is a behavioural response to stimuli.

True

False


These are the answers for Developing Soft Skills and Personality NPTEL Assignment Week 3


Q22) It is better to try and eliminate the Zeigarnik Effect rather than using it to inculcate good habits in order to reduce the risk.

True

False


Q23) People’s inability to change their habits quickly depends on their level of self-awareness.

True

False


Q24) Unfinished tasks use a lot of mental resources, and occupy and block premium mental space, causing distraction and reduced focus.

True

False


These are the answers for Developing Soft Skills and Personality NPTEL Assignment Week 3


Q25) Sigmund Freud believes that bad times in retrospect appear to be the worst of times.

True

False


These are the answers for Developing Soft Skills and Personality NPTEL Assignment Week 3

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These are the answers for Developing Soft Skills and Personality NPTEL Assignment Week 3